Volume 14, Issue 5, Autumn 2014, Page 1-224


Determine the Criteria for the Nomination of Governors First-Class Basketball in Iraq to Win International Emblem According to Some Cognitive Variables

prof. Dr. HazemMoussaAbid; Uday Abdul Hussein Karim; Lecturer

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 5, Pages 1-16

Abstract
Determine the Criteria for the Nomination of Governors First-Class Basketball in Iraq to Win International Emblem According to Some Cognitive Variables
Ass. prof. Dr. HazemMoussaAbid Ass. Lecturer: Uday Abdul Hussein Karim
The first section dealt with Introduction of research and its importance as is the game of basketball games all over the world, developed countries has given care and attention to this game, and governance is one of the most important of these elements combined with the success of basketball games successfully performance. As a result of amendments to the continuing in-law and moved rulers (Mechanical arbitration for three referees) became necessary to abide by each rule depending on its location to take the appropriate decision, as are positions (positioning) with the rulers as well as knowledge (knowledge) of the laws of the game more themes importance in the field of arbitration The leading judgment to lead the game with minimal mistakes, governance that is distinct from other cognitive skills will generate a program kinesthetic integrated knowledge arbitration as well as personal (personality) strong, one of the most important basic components, which play a key role for the success of governance and delivery of Almarah high confidence to the shore safety.

Training curriculum proposal to develop some basic skills and mental capacity of the youth team football

Lecturer. Nawar A Hussein Al- Lami; Professor Dr .Salam Jabbar

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 5, Pages 17-36

This section included the definition of research and its importance in the development of some of the footwork and basic mentality among football players for junior class to these qualities of great importance in sports, especially in football, through continuous and outstanding efforts in the development of football game towards the further development of what contained in the principles and rules The concept of sports training in order to raise the level of training status for football and get to the upper levels and the game of football has a long history. As it is no longer enough for those responsible for this game based on personal experience and observation of surface and chance to achieve an integrated player but must It is necessary to take the causes of science and steps and rely on observation and experimentation inhalers and field tests and appropriate measure. Hence the importance of research work to develop a training curriculum is based on the scientific basis for the development of the proposal and some basic skills and mentality among players Juniors Sports Club agreement football to serve the development of this game. He also touched on the problem included research on the integration of interweaving these components to develop levels of players and improve basic mental skills, particularly young players who are considered the foundation stone of the edifice sports.
The research aims to:
1- Prepare a training curriculum contributes to the development of some of the basic skills and mental capacity.
Research hypotheses:
1- The training curriculum proposal will contribute to the development of skills and mental aspects to the research sample (experimental group).
Areas of research:
1-5-1 the human sphere: Club youth team football of the agreement (29) player.
1-5-2 temporal area: Search for: - 31/5/2011 until 1/8/2012
1-5-3 spatial area: Stadium Sports Club agreement in Diwaniya.
Chapter II - theory and similar studies:
This section included an explanation of what heh training curriculum and its divisions concept of rules and steps of football and how to train them through the characteristics of modern trends in the field of preparation sports, as well as know how to accept the players for training and the impact of training them and benefit, as well as sections of the training curriculum of basic mental skills used in it.
Youth training as well as knowledge and what they need from the divisions of the curriculum and the research variables studied the basic skills and mental capacity and its importance and how to train them as well as previous studies.
Chapter III - Field research methodology and procedures:
Use researcher experimental method due to its relevance to the nature of the research problem, and identified research sample with famous Club agreement football junior as the sample was distributed to the two officer and pilot of (10) players for each group takes control group of traditional prepared by the trainer approach in the experimental group take the training curriculum prepared by the researcher, after homogenization of the sample and reward them determine the physical and kinetic characteristics and basic tactical and mental skills and tests were conducted exploratory experiment in order to recognize the validity of the regulatory and administrative proceedings as well as the achievement of scientific terms (Alsedk- objectivity Althbat-) and also the pre-test procedure and then give the proposed approach after being placed and presented to a group of specialists and experts and re-testing in the post-test to show the evolution in the sample.
Chapter IV - Results analyzed and discussed:
Results are presented and analyzed and discussed by the use of statistical methods for testing the physical and kinetic characteristics of skill and tactical and mental research sample for the two experimental and control group, and the results showed significant differences in favor of the experimental group as a result of the application of the proposed approach, which showed differences between tribal tests and post, as well as the existence of significant differences in the post tests of the results physical and motor skills and tactical and mental qualities of the surveyed tests.
Chapter V - Conclusions and recommendations:
Conclusions:
Based on the findings of the search results, and the concomitant treatments and statistical extrapolations and discussions within the research sample and the nature of the limits, the researcher was able to reach the following conclusions:
• curriculum prepared by the researcher has contributed to the development of the researched variables (skill and mental)

5-2Recommendations
Based on the data contained in this research, and what the total came from the presentation and discussion and analysis of results, and put it in the light of the findings, the researcher to the following recommendations: -
• the need to use standardized tests (the skill and mental) as an objective to determine the level and frequency of testing from time to time to determine the levels of junior players in football.
The need to take up work (training) age groups qualified instructors scientific fact that the Sunni stages constitute a basic rule in access to higher level in the future.

EFFECT OF SPECIALIST TRAINING OF TIME TRIEL RACE ACCORDING FORCE MOMENTS AND ALECTRICAL ACTIVITY OF LEG MUSCLES IN SOME PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS, EFFORT DISTRIBUTION AND ACHIEVEMENT FOR IRAQI NATIONAL TEAM OF BICYCLE

Dr. Hussein Mardan Omar; Samir Rajie Aubes

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 5, Pages 37-46

The research focused on specialized training and observe moments of power to individual race against the clock in order to improve the performance of Iraqi national team in terms of the distribution of the final effort and achievement, and those who suffer from the weakness of achievement in the individual race against the clock and the absence of the principle of specialization for the training process. The research aims to develop the completion of Iraqis riders in the individual race against the clock through the development of a training curriculum specialist for the individual race against the clock according to the moments of force and electrical activity of the muscles of the man using the device (EMG). Find sample consisted of national team players for bicycles for the 2011-2012 season. Were divided randomly into two groups by the regular (6) riders in the experimental group, (6) others in the control group, a tests were conducted after 10 weeks. It turns out that specialized training according to the moments of force develops the performance of the riders in terms of the distribution of the final effort and achievement

Building a Collection of Tests of Cognitive According to Blum levels for Track and Field Games Among the Students of Faculties of Physical Education

Dr. Alaa Khaldun Zidan; Abdul Manaf Hashim Mohamed

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 5, Pages 47-64

The main characteristics of any curriculum in the light of the educational process to have clear objectives and whether specific curriculum objectives or goals lesson of daily lessons. The importance of setting goals as the basis of any educational activity as longer targets the source of direct educational work towards achieving the goals of education desired lies the importance of research interest in developing practical instruction for teaching should also be diversity of questions and setting standards and classification to achieve the objectives of knowledge just in exams University of remembering and understanding, application and analysis, installation and calendar that would provide a correct idea about the nature of the true pattern of questions for subjects in the Faculty of Physical Education in general, and track and field games in particular.
Through informed researchers on previous studies identified research problem in Multi wording of questions and levels as well as follow-up questions teachers Faculty of Physical Education for previous years and analyze Note researchers that there are shortcomings in the development of these questions and study aimed to build a test for the collection of knowledge according to the levels of Bloom Games arena and in the field for students of colleges Physical Education at the universities of the Middle Euphrates and compared the level of achievement The method he chose researchers descriptive approach Besorth Survey Due to suitability nature of the study and included the research community to students the second phase of the faculties of physical education at the universities of the Middle Euphrates studies the morning of (5) schools were selected sample according to the method equal Chapter IV guarantees the display and analysis and discussion of the results after having used the means of statistical using (SPSS) and concluded the researchers that the paragraphs of tests for the collection of knowledge according to the levels of Bloom Games arena and in the field have a significant role in enriching the material theory through preference flour, that paragraphs tests cognitive achievement according to levels Bloom Games arena and in the field for the students of the second phase will help faculty in the development of questions objectively and codified, and the recommendations was the need to adopt ways of objectivity in the assessment of student achievement and stay away from self-evaluation, the need to conduct studies and scientific research along the lines of the current study for grades other and other study materials.

Prediction of Accomplishment in 100- Meter Free style in Ferms of Emotional Memory at the Swimmers Club Central and Southern Governorates

Abdul Aziz Haider Hussain; Haider Salman Mehdi

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 5, Pages 65-86

The researchers conducted this research as a means to solve the problem of trying to identify the type of relationship between achievement and memory emotional Can predict the completion of 100 m freestyle through the memory emotional they have, and to solve this problem I suppose researchers that whenever owned swimmer high level of memory emotional (ie memory emotional positive) achieved a complete best , and whenever owned swimmer and low memory emotional ( ie memory negative emotional ) decreased level of achievement , as well as predictability of accomplishment in terms of memory emotional , achieve the objectives of the search non- recognition level of memory emotional , and predict which level of achievement in 100 AD freestyle, applied research on a sample of swimmers Middle Euphrates region and the southern region , using the descriptive style survey , and for that the researchers built a measure of memory emotional users steps necessary scientific building standards, and the end of these meas.

The impact of an educational way to learn the strike foreground according to indicators biomechanics tennis

Arshed Wissam Hassan; Dr. Hisham H. Howayde

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 5, Pages 87-104

Using certain devices and teaching aids make the process of motor learning much more effective and positive this helps in building up an imaginative kinematic state for the learner and developing his valid courses of movement.
It is observed that the process of learning skills for the beginning students has been limited to the existence of a wall or a net without using any device, a matter which makes this process too narrow and restricted to attain the objectives of learning.
In view of the above lies the importance of research, the possibility of using a means of education and its impact on learning strike foreground according indicators biomechanics of tennis, as well as gain a lot of respects, develop and accelerate motor learning process in addition to providing the time and effort expended during the module.
By following up researcher to the nature of learning tennis skills noted that learning beginner students skills was limited to learning with the wall or the existence of the net (with a colleague) without the use of equipment and instruments, and this makes learning skills narrow and restricted in achieving the educational objectives of the process. In addition to the small number of modules in the week and do not invest the time during the module.
So the researchers felt going into this problem and to address the reality of the situation and accelerate the learning process using a new educational tool helps the teacher to move away from the traditional learning (with the wall, or with a colleague). Therefore, the researcher deliberately to contribute to the manufacture of machine learning to learn strike tennis forehand ground and access to real impact in improving the performance and raise the level of students and reduce the time and effort expended by the student and the teacher as well.
The research aims to:
Identify the impact of the use of educational way to learn the strike foreground
According to the indicators on the biomechanics of tennis.
Hypothesis of the research:
A means for teaching moral impact in a positive learning forehand strike the ground according to the indicators biomechanics tennis.
In harmony with the nature of the problem of the research, the experimental method is used. The sample of the research consists of (20) students from the college of physical education at AL-Qadisiyah University, divided into two groups - experimental and control.
The results of the research are treated by using suitable statistical means to compare the experimental and control groups to explore the difference between the pretest and posttest for each groups .
It is concluded that:
1.The proposed educational program is effective in the acquisition of performance art to strike foreground.
2.The use of air to push a clear impact on the acquisition of performance art to strike foreground. Some characterize as improving biomechanics important experimental group compared with the control variables values.
3.superiority of the experimental group students on the students in the control group posttest in all basic skills (studied) tennis Ground.
It is recommended that:
1.conduct studies and research on innovation many other devices and means of education and the different age groups and different variables.
2.Circulate educational tool on the faculties of physical education at universities in the country to be used as an educational tool to teach the skill of the strike front. Because the use of teaching aids in the physical education lesson has a positive effect in accelerated Learning.

Prediction of the Skillful Performance Level as the Mental Abilities to Select the Young Futsal Goal Keeper

Adnan Ngesh Hassan; Dr. Mei Ali aziz

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 5, Pages 105-120

The study aimed to identify the most important capabilities technique and mental goalkeepers young reel Aakaddm to futasl as well as relations correlation between these capabilities as well as to predict the level of performance skills , so as to the importance and the role of selection in predicting the level of performance skills first, and the lack of studies on this aspect II. The researcher used the descriptive approach Basilobh survey and relationships connectivity and ensure that the community and the research sample goalkeepers youth football for halls totaling 48 guard After determining the capacity skills and mental as well as determine the tests was applied to the sample and data processing statistically consistent with the objectives of the research as well as view the findings researcher and analyzed and discussed through which was reached the following conclusions:
1 - The existence of a significant relationship between the performance skills and mental capacity .
2 - predictive equation was developed the skill to perform according to the mental capacity
The main recommendations were:
1 - Adoption of the predictive equation for the selection of goalkeepers youth football to futsal
2 - Adoption of the coaches on the tests used in this study

Contribution some kinmeteki variables Completion of stages of the long jump

Akram Hussein Jabr; Assistant; Harith Abdul Alalha

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 5, Pages 121-134

The effectiveness of the long jump events with the technical performance of the complex , which deals with the maximum effort for the rider with the motor transport body parts in a coherent and accurate performance , so the importance of research lies in a variables Al bayumkaniki the analysis of successful and unsuccessful attempts of the long jump players .
Epitomized the research problem that most of the coaches during their training units do not focus on the importance of each phase of the jump and the extent of its contribution to accomplishment.
The study aimed to identify the values some variables Bayomikanek for the stages of the long jump and identify the contribution ratios stages of the long jump accomplishment.
To achieve these goals researcher resorted to portray Hoppers video cameras (2) high speed to get to know kinmeteki variables and achievement of the research sample , The research sample consisted of Athbyn ( 10) Babylon youth clubs .
After kinetic analysis of successful attempts to extract variables researcher used the arithmetic mean and standard deviation and relative importance also used to see any more variables contribute to the achievement The researcher reached the following conclusions :
1- vary the proportion of contribution variables Bayomikanek in the completion of the long jump .Bayomikanek
2- is fast approaching more variables Bayomikanek the accomplishment contributing to the effectiveness of the long jump during the approach phase .
3- The most important variables contribute accomplishment in the effectiveness of the long jump during the upgrade and Aviation ( away the maximum height of the center of gravity of the body panel approach and departure angle) .
4- The angle of the knees for another moment touched in landing more variables Albayumkanikih the accomplishment contributing to the effectiveness of the long jump during the landing phase .
5 - speed approaching the most important variable contributing variables Bayomikanek the accomplishment in the effectiveness of the long jump

The Impact of The Field of Education Proposed in Some of the Basic Skills and Motor Skills for Goalkeepers Hands for Ages 12-14 Years

Dr Falah Hassin; Hussin Abdalhadi Mehdi

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 5, Pages 135-150

Focused research problem in that most of the coaches goalkeepers rely on mechanisms special educational skill only, without resorting to the use of catalysts (compatibility, balance, agility) accompanies the learning process and that the importance of motor skills in the learning process for the researcher suggested finding a solution to this problem is to improve the performance of guards goal in the early learning through the field of the proposal to teach some basic skills for goalkeepers ages 12 - 14 years, which includes exercises a private line and balance and agility. therefore study aimed to prepare the field proposal to teach some basic skills and the development of motor skills for goalkeepers Handball ages 12 - 14 years old. As for the action research was used researcher used the experimental method and the way the two groups equals, has included the research community on the goalkeepers to four schools specialist representing the Middle Euphrates region were selected sample are goalkeepers schools specialist for the provinces of Diwaniyah, Najaf and by (13) Goalkeeper were divided into two experimental and control group as Mayors to prepare the field of education for goalkeepers after it was presented to a group of experts and specialists, has been applied for two months as it has been a test before me to members of the sample and test after me each skill after it has been learned directly. either the fourth quarter has included Showing results that have been obtained and handled statistically and then discuss all the results in light of.

Predictable in Terms of the Most Important Act in the Field of Mental Skills and Mental Capacity of the Players Line of Defense for the Elite League Football Clubs

Dr. Ali Hussein Hashem; Haider Abbas Attia

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 5, Pages 151-162

The game of football in the world-famous popular games which attracted the attention of a lot of practitioners and audiences and this is what distinguishes it from the rest of the sports and as a result of the developments that have occurred on this game has increased the attention of those concerned.
Perhaps the most important and what distinguishes it is the interaction with a lot of theoretical and applied sciences, including the psychological aspect of the mental side and two are inextricably linked and that the long time it takes for the game and the large space and this is what makes it requires a lot of movements and proper disposition.
The field disposition of an important aspect of the game, one of the most important things that should be of interest to the coach and players because of its influence on the team level, as well as on the outcome of the game is also the psychological aspect and mental aspect of the most important variables that must be studied to determine the level of the field to act ..
Hence the importance of research in the fact that the researchers is seeking to provide data on the behavior of players in the field in terms of the most important psychological skills and mental capacity of the lines by playing soccer players.
The research problem:
The problem with searching through it had to the following: ((What is the most important psychological skills and mental abilities that affect the disposition of the field and in which they can predict the elite league for football players)).
Research objectives:
The Research Aims to:
1- identify the relationship between the field and the most important act of mental skills and mental capacity of the players line of defense for the Elite League football clubs.
2-predict the field to act in terms of the most important psychological skills and mental capacity of the players mental line of defense for the Elite League football clubs.
3-Identify the percentage contribution of the most important psychological skills and mental capacity to act in the field of mental players line of defense for the Premier League football clubs.
Research hypotheses:
1- There are significant differences between the field and the most important act of mental skills and mental capacity of the players mental line of defense for the Elite League club football relationship.
2- predictable in terms of the most important act in the field of mental skills and mental capacity of the players mental line of defense of the Premier League football clubs.
3- There are varying contribution to the most important ratios psychological skills and mental capacity to act in the field of mental players line of defense for the Elite League football clubs.
The Third Chapter :
Select the researchers discussed the community they are players exert Iraqi Elite League football for the sports season 2012-2013 totaling (180) player line of defense is dispersed over (18) Nadia either the research sample was chosen by the researchers randomly (lottery) and amounted to (90) for the player they constitute ratio (50%) are distributed (9) clubs, namely, (Erbil, air Force, Karbala, Najaf, the center of oil, Zora, Dohuk, the port, the students) where the researchers relied on (10) Defender line of every team because there are some cases in clubs covered by the research, as well as the presence of players from another state that does not speak Arabic and there are some players absent due to their national team, and adopted a researchers at work on a range of tools and devices and methods used in research and has identified variables of the study by experts and specialists, as well as the construction field disposition scale and after the implementation of the exploratory experiment to find out the obstacles and negatives facing the researchers while conducting the experiment Home, and hired a set of statistical methods using statistical pouch (SPSS) to get search results.
The fourth: quarter has been included to display the results analyzed and discussed in a scientific manner to achieve the objectives of the search and access to scientific results.
The fifth chapter:
Conclusions and Recommendations:
Conclusions:
After the presentation and analysis of the results and discuss the researcher to the following conclusions:
1- The existence of a significant correlation between the two independent variables relationship (concentration of attention, cognitive-kinesthetic sense) and the dependent variable field disposition and building a predictive equation for field behavior in terms of these independent variables.
Recommendations:
According to what can be offered to the researchers recommends that the following recommendations:
1- The need to focus on two variables ((concentration of attention, cognitive-kinesthetic sense) during a training line of defense.
2- The researcher recommends conducting studies and other predictive variables other connotations for Research researcher did not mention it in his research.
3-The researcher recommends circulate the results of this research for workers in the training of the Iraqi elite clubs League football field for use in determining the relationships that emerged in this study to predict the field of acting.

Assessing the State of Scientific Research from the point of view of the Instructors of physical Education at the Iraqi Universities

Dr .Dhafer Hashim al-Kadhimi; Alaa Abdel Wahab; Assad Tariq

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 5, Pages 163-182

As we all know the attestation of our universities focuses on the scientific role that they serve to developing sciences through academic. Scientific theoretical and applied specialist researches
Acquaintance with the state of scientific research and identifying the positive and negative aspects that face the teaching staff to be assessed from their point of view is the main objective of this study. It is a serious scientific attempt to find solutions for the problems of scientific research. The sample of the research consists of(112) instructors in the colleges of physical education / the Iraqi universities with the exception of Kurdstan (because of the difference of the curriculum) for the period August,2012-October 2013.
The descriptive method
The style of surrey is used by the researcher. A questionnaire consisting of six items is prepared by the researcher;
1- the researchers background and experience.
2- preparation and readiness for research.
3- providing research information.
4- Qualification of the researcher.
5- Research sites which include.
a- Devices and tools.
b- Administration.
c- Scientific assessment of the research.
d- the material and moral aspect.
6- Efficiency and ability to complete the research.
The validity of the items of the scale is obtained accord to square for each item and introduced to the instructors to show their points of view of the six item.
The study comes up with some conclusions concerning the points of view of the instructors in accordance with four evaluations ( High Agreement, Good Agreement, Swinging in points of view, Agreement on cases of weakness).
It is shown that there is an agreement on certain points of view which should be constantly made available and applied and others that need to take care of to be better. There are also cases of weakness fixed in the six items that need to be made available and its being carried out is in the interest of scientific researches.
The research also comes up with some recommendations. Some points of view are highly recommended to be carried out as they represent a highly developed scientific state others that need other requirements to complete their implementation, and some recommend actions that show no clarity in their items. They have to be improved and provided so that they can cope with the positive items. Being applied these recommendations will raise the level of scientific research in the colleges of physical education

The effectives of linear programmed on the Scholastic Achievement to Jerk lifting with Student

Prof.Dr. Farhang Farj Muhamed; Dr. Zardasht Muhamed Raouf

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 5, Pages 183-192

The import and brief of research indicates the Literature of teaching method it is a organization processes it aims to made a learning processes, it showed there donation and activity debate between teacher and student. additional to determent the behavior we want to reach .or make the situation to develop these behavior .all this are made on control degree of learning environment .so there are a few they saw the method of teaching its happing during cooperative between teacher and student .as well as with curriculum there are a fourth detriment its (environment ) it had to be the teacher it to be responsible to study processes .and the student participant ,reacts and learning .the program it had learned its very important to motion these determents (teacher – student – Curriculum) connected with out a part .so the teacher can not learning with out student and curriculum ,and the curriculum had not be a material for learning if there are no teacher to take these role till to practiced. both the teacher with curriculum its not success with out student ,all these include during available environment there are a several study they showed Individualization in education, so look for the student as a person unique in its characteristics, likes to take into account the attitudes and needs of the student and channeled through it, how to teach himself by these capabilities and preparations, and then the results learned according to the goals set in advance, and this so-called learning self, and a branches programmed learning, which aims to take into account individual differences and speed of self-learners and principles key to work the student to master the educational material because it does not allow a student to move from one frame to another, but that mastered the previous frame, so it works programmed learning to develop the capacity of self-directed student and it bears responsibility in decision-making, so the researchers felt to use the kind of individualized education, which is programmed instruction and its impact on academic achievement and accomplishment of the stages of the elevation of the jerk weights.
The aims of research :
1. Identify the impact of programmed instruction in the traditional linear and achievement and academic achievement of the stages on the elevation of the jerk of the students.
2. Identify the different of the researches groups on the jerk achievement to student .
3. Identify the different of the researches groups on the jerk to scholastic achievement to jerk lifting with student



Research hypotheses:
1. There are differences between women with statistically significant results of the tests before and after the two sets of research (experimental and control) in the achievement and academic achievement for the jerk weights for the benefit of a posteriori tests .
2. The presence of statistically significant differences between the two tests tribal and posttest for the two sets of in search of achievement for the jerk weights for the benefit of the post tests.
3. The presence of statistically significant differences between the two sets of tests posteriori research in academic achievement for boosting the jerk weights for the benefit of a posteriori tests
Research procedures:
Research community has been selected by student of physical education school for academic years (2013-2014) ,of the third stage ,was selected by intentional way and it consist of 104 student from girls and boys ,was 80 boys and 24 girls the researcher far way the girls because of the research community has been selected just boys ,divided in to three group are selected 20 student randomly for each group 10 student ,so the amount of original community research %25 during draw way are divided the sample in to (control – pilot ) groups (A present the groups of pilot (linear group) and the (B presents the control group –scholiast achievement ) for homogeneity and curving group the researcher far-off the student whose not committed .
Conclusions & recommendations
Firstly: Conclusions
1. Programmed learning provide (linear) and traditional in the development of achievement for boosting the jerk weights among a sample search Physical Education school - University of Sulaymaniyah.
2. There are no significant differences between the two models of achievement in the post tests.
3.The research showed no significant differences between the two methods of academic achievement in the post tests.

The effect of exercises rubber cords in some variables Biomechanical changes and accuracy appeal According to Epee fencers

Dr. Raed Faeq Abdul Jabbar; Sarko Mohammed Salih

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 5, Pages 193-202

The resistance exercises, including (rubber cords)became known to the coaches and athletes as exercises which mean joining between power and speed of the movement in order to produce the explosive power and fast, and from this way a player can perform the basic skills well as its efficiency depends largely on the physical preparation of the players perhaps the most important points that coaches are trying to reach is the stability of the high technical level for the duration of the match and that relates to the good physical sides on skill sides. Through the researchers notes, a lot of championship , which were held in Kurdistan Region players training sulaimani erecters and interviews which did with some of the coaches of fencing game noticed there is a weakness in the performance of the movement of the appeal and accuracy during the competition, which could return the weakness cause in some special physical character is tics , which may affect the investment technique in Biomechanical side to get to the good technique in terms of the outward appearance for the performance and accuracy of the appeal, and the aim of the research is to identify the impact of using the rubber cords in developing some of the Biomechanical changes and movement by Epee for the sample and identify the impact of using of rubber cords in developing accurate movement challenged of Epee to the research sample, The researcher used the experimental method and represents the sample's players Sulaymaniyah Fencing - epee category applicants, The total number of the them are (8 players), were divided into control and experimental groups by random, way after the computation –testing ,The training programmer exercise by using rubber cords for the experimental group by (24 training unit) in the part of the head section , as well as the execution of an average (3 modules) in each week, knowing that the time of exercises of rubber cords reach (23 to 26 minutes) in each module, and after the executing the train programmed the post-test has been done, Also the statistical methods appropriate has been used to interpret the results of the variables. After viewing the results which reach, affected the proposed exercise by using resistance exercises (rubber cords) in the development of some special biomechanical changes by moving Epee for each experimental group . Influenced the proposed exercises by using resistance exercises (rubber cords) in developing accurate movement changeable by Epee according to each of the experimental group.

The Effect of Training Program and Training – Loads Carbohydrate in Speed Endurance, Some Biochemical and Physiological Variables and the Achievement of 800 m for Youth Girls.

Dr.Iman Najm Aldin; Sirwan Hamid Rafiq

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 5, Pages 203-210

This study aims to create training and training loads Carbohydrate for the 800 m female runner and to know the effect of these curriculums for enriching runners ability and to know the indications of physiological and biochemical variables and the achievements of 800 m for youth girls to the two sample groups to the variations under study.
The problems facing this study is that this activity in Iraq in general and Kurdistan reign suffer from the stability of the results because of the less care for the nutritional supplements because the sportsman ignorance in using these nutritional supplements during these training curricula.
During the researcher study to some of the studies, I found that one of the study had concluded that using the Phosphatic Cryateen compound and Carbohydrate in development of physical and biochemical indicators and it’s effect on the achievement 400m and the principle of loading in developing the two qualities of muscles power, speed and some of biochemical indicators and achievement of 400m and the similarity between the previous study and this new one is that the using of nutritional supplements but the difference appears is that the using of Carbohydrate alone in this study.
For these research procedures: the researcher used the experimental curriculum and the research community includes the (10) female 800m runners of Kurdistan clubs, as for the research sample, we have 8 female runners to get to the wanted data in this study. The researcher used explorations papers of the experts, the specialists and the scientific resource for designing the training curricula. Then the researcher distributed the sample into two experimental groups, each group consists of 4 players and the initial tests had been done, then the training curriculums had been applied on them; the period was two days per week for three months then the final test had been done. The SPSS program used for statistical processors in this study.
The researcher found a set of conclusions: The loading way which was having compound carbohydrate by itself results in developing speed tolerance and lactic acid and the achievement of 800m and the two curricula, the training and training – loads carbohydrate will never lead to the changes that the Ion Hydrogen (PH) will reveal.
The most important recommendations that the researcher sees it’s important are using the Carbohydrate depending on the principle of loading at running 800m and creating another loading principle working on achieving the best results at long and medium distance activities and other individual and choral on similar peers by using other nutritional supplements and take the Biochemical in to consideration especially the Enzyme.

The effectiveness of Training load Standardization according to target time on speed endurance with 400 m running achievement for advance

Dr Husain Ali Hassan; Ahamad Bahaden

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 5, Pages 211-224

The study aims to :
• Prepared the training curriculum standardization according to target time on speed endurance with 400 m running achievement
• Identify the effect of training load standardization according to target time on speed endurance with 400 m running achievement (pilot group)
• Identify the traditional program on speed endurance with 400 m running achievement.
The methodology
The researcher used the experimental methodology by two group design; one of them is experimental and the other is control for it is suitable for the nature and the aim of the research. The research included the (sprinter athletic ) for 400 m distance ,of Sulamani province whose number 12 athletic the research chose 10 athletic for main pilot study so the researcher chose the subject of research by premeditated way ,was divided for tow group (control – pilot ) group during classified them on single number on position and double number for a next position .during draw way the subject divided for control – pilot groups the researcher used these test and measurement :s The researcher used the experimental methodology by two group.
design; one of them is experimental and the other is control for it is suitable
for the nature and the aim of the research. SPSS include main – ST – T test –for tow groups
recommendations:
300 M target time : the effectiveness for target time for sprinter running , shorter than (time race) there are no significant dissimilarity .
• The current study it showed the significant effect during training according target time best than control group .more than the showed too the change of speed endurance for 300m running .
• 400 m running achievement :
• There are change for better for 400 m running test for both group (control – pilot )
• There are a significant dissimilarity for control group achievement and the return to post test
• The lactic threshold (speed endurance ) test
• There are a difference for speed endurance test (300)m for post test to both group (control – pilot ) for pilot group .