Volume 14, Issue 2, Winter 2014, Page 1-258


The impact of sloping training on length and frequency for extra speed and achievement for 100m running

Rahim R. Habib; Karim A. Jabir

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 1-10

This chapter includes many topics as :
First chapter whereas includes identification the research which included the introduction and the importance of the research where the researcher deal with the importance on the importance of sport training with helping means in improving speed.
For the research problem has discussed performance weakness in speed and ways of treating. The research aim build on the impact of sloping training on improving the extra speed and achievement through the length of step and its frequency.
For the research hypothesis, researcher has supposed that the training by using sloping will lead to improve the extra speed and achievement also through the length of step and its frequency.
For the research fields were human, location and time fields.
The third chapter has included the research doctrine, field processes also through questionnaire and experimented design.
The fourth chapter includes presentation, analysis and discussing the results in research variables.
For the fifth chapter includes the conclusions and recommendations some of the recommendations showed the moral difference in variables of the achievement for the benefit of test of control group.
The most important recommendations that achieved were the necessity to use helping means s sloping in improvement of the extra speed by the length of step and its frequency.
Also mentored the scientific reference connected with the study and its special annexes

Building and rationing scale of determination and struggle for choosing advanced football players according to the play positions

Dr. Salam J. Saheb; Raafat A. Alkarwe

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 11-24

The importance of research was addressed to the progress made in the field of physical education and the importance of the mental state in the progress of sporting events, especially football. The importance of this research lies in identifying the proportions of the determination and the struggle required to be provided in the positions of each play positions and put them in a measure to help the coaches in the selection of players who possess readiness according to different play positions.
This study aims to :
1- Building and rationing scale of determination and struggle for choosing advanced football players according to the play positions
2-appling this scale for choosing advanced football players according to the play positions
Areas of research
human domain / players Iraqi elite league clubs
Temporal domain / 03/15/2011 to 20/07/2012
Spatial domain/ clubs stadiums.
The researchers used a descriptive approach
Conclusions :
1- The psychological scale is scientifically designed and fit for the selection of football players.
2 - levels of determination and the struggle of the football players Vary according play positions .
Recommendations :
1 - Not neglect the psychological aspect in the process of selecting players according play position .
2 – Adopting measure in the process of selecting players according play position ..
3- Conduct periodic psychological tests for soccer players in each season to identifying their level .
4 - conducting similar research, especially in the events that are inherently dependent on play position

The Effect of Maximum Straining Training by the Multi-purpose device and its Relationship to Some Roman wrestling Handles in Al-Diwaniyah Youth Team (Aged 18-20 , weighing 60 kg) .

May ali aziz; Ahmed Shamsildean Mouloud

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 25-44

The problem of the research lies in the serious weakness in the physical requirements of wrestles especially in the maximum strength pertaining to the game .
The research aims at investigating the effect at the traing programmes using the multi-purpose device and without it and its role in some Roman wrestling handles for Al-Diwaniya Youth team (Aged 18 - 20 , weighing 60 kg) .
The researchers defended upon the equal groups technique since it is more suitable to the rescarch .
The sample consisted of two Roman wrestling players from
Al-Diwaniya Youth team (2011) who were divided into two groups : control group and eaperimental .
Each wrestler was giren five attempts in both maximum strength test and performance test .
The researchers cancluded that training throngh the multi-purpose device and without it was of great effect in enhaucing the individud , strength ( maximum strength , guick strength , strength endurance ) and physical performance for toth groups in the pre-test and post-test .
these training activities were more influential in developing in dividual strength than traditional training styly as far as (the floor , free weights ) on the part of the control group .

The Effect of Increasing training load on a number of cellar immunity indicators for All ¬_ Paghara club volleyball youngsters

Hamadi Abtan AL; Hilali; Zahra; Ahmed Abdil; Basher Shakir

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 57-78

The research deals in its first chapter with the importance of the study . the advancement in the field of physical Education and necessity of economizing training loads in volleyball game . The importance of the study emanates from its physiological dimensions and measurement of cellular immunity indicators . The research aimed at designing an ascending training load to develop youngsters volleyball players and the difference in the cellular immunity indicators between the two groups . The domain of the study included AL_ Dagara hall .the third chapter deals with methodology which in cludes the experiment of approach , sample , tools ,blood test , results are presented and discussed in the fourth chapter

THE EFFECT OF THE FREE DISCOVERY STYLE IN LEARNING SOME TYPES OF SHOOTING IN HANDBALL IN SECOND YEAR PHYSICAL EDUCATION STUDENTS

Abdullah Hussein al-Lami A. Dr; Dhuha Shaker Mohamed

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 79-98

This study aimed to identify The effect of the free discovery style to learn some types of shooting Handball (shooting from shoulder level, aiming to jump forward, shooting of jumping high, shooting of the fall) for students of the second year Faculty of Physical Education - University of Qadisiyah in addition to identify the differences between learning and creativity in learning certain types of shooting in handball itself. The researcher used the experimental method in design (two proportionate groups) because the curriculum is appropriate to resolve the problem of the research. The researcher identified the community of research intentionally, 36 students in the second stage in Physical Education - University of Qadisiyah season academic 2012 - 2013 and . divided the sample into two groups where I learned the experimental group curriculum educational style ( free discovery ) and the control group learned the style used by the teacher. added to the measure average attic by the researcher is (a measure of creative thinking), as was performed homogeneity through the use of plants sprains, has proceeded researcher to conduct a reconnaissance was concentrated in knowing the difficulties field that may face the researcher during the actual procedure of the curriculum of education, has been actual procedure for performance tests Skill on (17 2 2013) on Monday at ten in the morning .. The posteriori tests on Monday on (22 4 2013) and under the conditions of the test tribal itself. promise, including:-
1 - The prepared curriculum by the researcher in the free style shares in discovery learning and creativity variables surveyed for some kinds of shooting in the handball for the research sample. .
2 - The free discovery style is more effective than the style of curriculum by the teacher to learn some types of shooting.

The relation between the Knowledge of circumferences and some of the basic defense skills for football goal keeper

Prof; Gazi Salah Mahmmod; Zainab Hassan AL-Jboury; Mohammed Shaker Hameed AL-Bayati

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 135-176

This research is devoted to show the cognitive characters that include the following: (angles of the eyes, vision's dimensions, extend of vision, following of focusing, the attention and the function of central nervous system of the emotional maturity).
In this research there was a problem the researcher faced which is the case of paying great attention to the GK because he is the most important person in the team and his training is depending on the coach skills and experiences. The coach has to focus on the most important things which are knowledge of circumference and some of the defense basic skills because they are more concerned with scientific fields where there is no chance for fault.
Concerning the relation between the cognitive characters of circumference and the defense basic skills for the GK in football game and the researcher suggests that there is a relation between them and he uses the descriptive way by taking a suitable sample to approve the notes of the study. The sample consist of 32 GKs from the super league of the football season (2012-2013) at the same level of age, height, weight and the training age that the research required. The research made the experiment also on a sample which consists of 6 GKs from another research for knowing the validity of the tests from their scientific principles.
The sample undergoes a number of tests which are special for the defense basic skills and the cognitive characters of circumference. The results trialed statistically, put in tables, reinforced and discussed to reinforce by using the internet.
The researcher conclude the relation between the changes of the vision distance, the angels of eyes and the basic defense skills for the GK and the researcher reached several recommendations from his research.

Measuring the Professionalism of the Soccer Players of the Sports Media in the Iraqi Tournament

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 99-120

The football game is considered as the first popular sport in the world, because of what the enjoys this game of exciting whether spectaculars and players , whereas become the first game that attract millions of people in different ages , religions , social , cultural and sport levels as TV. Attendees or direct viewers , the sport media emerged by impact on the population and the workers in this field likewise .whereas the sport news in all over the world by virtue of the wide diffuse of mass media of industrial development on the other hand , spreading use the radio , internet and satellite channels with all its different kinds and tendencies , which lead to quick transfer of the information , the importance of the research found by deal with professionalism of the football players of sport media , besides all the problems due to lack of measurement throughout known the players elite professionalism in Iraqi tournament thought the mass media .
The most important aims:
1-Built and develop and identify measure on the professionalism the soccer players in Iraqi tournament by sport media.
2-Identifying the level of soccer player's professionalism in Iraqi tournament by sport media.
The researcher has used the descriptive method of research by survey system to appropriate the problem nature. In order to achieve the research aims it has been measured the professionalism through basics and steps to build the process, it has been treated the data by using (SPSS).
The total research community was (707) players for whom taking part in the experiment (280) players the sample then divided into (180) players for the build sample and set aside (10) players due to not complete their answers on the form of measurement of build sample while whom experienced the questionnaire (10) players of Najaf club whom from out the sample of the research , in order to apply the measurement on application sample that reached (100) players , the research's sample (39,60) players of research's community .
Through the presentation, analysis and discussion the results it has been reached the most important conclusions:
1-It has been achieved a build measurement of soccer players professionalism from the sport media in Iraqi tournament.
2-The management bodies for the sport clubs have a clear and active impact on the professionalism work for players from sport media by the achieved results.
The researcher has recommended on light of the conclusions after recommendations:
1-Using the measurement of soccer player's professionalism of the sport media in Iraqi tournament.
2-Working on provide all the requirement and the tools that used in sport media and requests to cover the works for all professional players

Prediction of accomplishment in terms of strategic thinking among swimmers of AL Forat AL awsat and the southern region in the effectiveness of the 100 m freestyle

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 121-152

The researchers conducted this research as a means to solve the problem learned to answer several questions, including identifying the type of relationship between achievement and strategic thinking it possible to predict the completion of the 100m freestyle by the level of strategic thinking, and to solve this problem I suppose the researchers , said that whenever swimmer owns high level of strategic thinking achieved the completion of the best, as well as the predictability of accomplishment in terms of strategic thinking , and to the research objectives that non- recognition at the level of strategic thinking, and predict the level of achievement in the 100m freestyle in which , research was conducted on a sample of swimmers Middle Euphrates region and the southern region, using the descriptive style survey , and for that the researchers built a scale strategic thinkingand steps necessary scientific to building scale, and the end of these measures we had a measure of strategic thinking consisting of (39) paragraphs , applied to the sample and data processed statistically, the researchers concluded that the respondents have a level higher than the average of the practice of strategic thinking, and not paying attention to adequately assess the current situation of strategic thinking, so I recommend the need to exercise strategic thinking more broadly through the adoption of Central Union and unions sub- pool project preparation swimmers under the application of strategic thinking

The Effect of the Special Endure Training and the Compensation with Some of the Minerals Soled and the Sweeten to Develop the Achievement in the Half Marathons the Poster Run Activity of the Iraqis National Team

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 241-258

Aims of the research:
1- Knowing the special endure training and compensation the effect on the develop the achievements for the Iraqis national team players (the post) in the half marathon running.
Hypotheses:
1- There are amoral discrepancies of the special endure training and the compensation to develop a achievements of the Iraqis national team players (the post) in the half marathon running activity
Field of the research :
1- The temporal field; from 14122011 Till 2662012
2- The Place field; the high road of Baghdad .Diwaniyah, Track Diwaniyah Club
The research's curriculum and the field process duress
The researcher uses the experimental curriculum by the equivalence group styles .The researcher use the specimen randomly from the Iraqis national team players (the post) in the half marathon running activity .They were (12) players. The researcher apply the training curriculum on 522012 till 242012 the researcher did the main experiment of the research on 942012 thruway chosen the specie men of the half marathon running activity and give the compensation materials before and after the competition (Glucose, Sodium chloride, Potassium and chloride).

Effect of Training program in Terms of the ACTN3 Gene Alleles on the Speed- Strength and Achievement in Snatch for Young Weightlifters

Dr. Adel Turky Hassan; Dr. Srab Hussein khalel; Wisam Falih Jaber

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 177-196

This study aims to identifying:
1 - Detection of alleles ACTN3 gene of the sample.
2 - Theeffect of the program training in terms of the ACTN3 gene alleles on the speed-strength and achievement in snatch for young weightlifters.
Hypothesis :
Alleles ACTN3 gene has different effect on the speed-strength Program training in terms of the ACTN3 gene alleles has positive effect on the speed-strength and achievement in snatch for young weightlifters.
The researchers used the experimental approach to design using the three equal groups pre and post testes were done for each group , the research community is selected from Altadamin Sports Club in the province of Najaf, the youth and adult (17 weightlifters )
search sample was Selected as deliberate, research sample was divided into three groups according to the ACTN3 gene alleles, researchers conducted tests on tribal members a sample search using the physical tests that have been agreed for the strength - speed- and achievement on the members of the research sample.
The application of the training program,lasts 12 weeks to apply by 3 training units per week per then held the post tests and the results were treated by statistical means
Conclusions :
1 - Trainingprogram has a clear positive effect on the development of speed-strength to the members of the research sample for the three groups
2 - Development speed-strength has positive effect on achievement in the snatch of the research sample.
3 – The individuals who carry the gene ACTN3-type allele dominant pure (RX) have the ability and the level of high-speed-strength prescription compare "with their peers from individuals who carry the gene ACTN3 hybrid-type allele (RR) and the recessive allele (XX).
Recommendations
1 – Emphasizing on attention to the subject of the genes in the Iraq particularly as the delimiter key determinants of the selection process of the athlete through testing for the analysis of DNA to determine the genotype of an athlete
2 - Genetic selection and good training together "are the only way to reach some of the athletes to international standards
3 - Urged coaches and specialists to build a training program in accordance with the genetic potential of athletes, especially with regard to alpha-actin gene
4- being responsible for muscle strength.

Patterning the Causality for the Most Important Biomechanical Variables with the Straight Ground Front Kick Skill in Tennis

Hisham Hindawi Hiwaidi; Dhuha Tariq Shawqat

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 197-212

The international advanced players kick the straight ground kick due to difficult to fend off , because it gets out line with straight line and critical height which will be on the level of the net , then starts to be down to ground with low level which cause obstacle for competitor to fend off , besides to high speed which mostly distinguished this kind of kick , the research's problem found that the number of players by trainers was not complete during execution the task of training units whereas the care focusing on specific variables centers without taking consideration for some variables which have an important impact between then as independent variables positively effects in accurate and strong performance skills and especially skills of the ground straight kick and what have as relations of connection whether direct or indirect , and continuity and given objective and scientific judgments by build a movement biomechanical movement and causality effect with comparison and inclusion the causality doctrine (result) in the connection relation and which multiply direction the study's aims included to identify the direct and indirect relation biomechanical variables with front kick skills the build sample of causality of most important variables for the biomechanical to straight ground front kick , the researcher has deal with theoretical studies to biomechanical and movement analysis in sport field , also she deal with the straight front ground kick and the process in which perform way for this kick and previous studies , the sample included the third stage students of AL-Qadisiya University , amounting (44) students , getting the sample by intentional method by depending on the teacher in order achieving the goal whereas the skills of the straight front kick if difficult skills and never improve its performance except for specific number of stage's students , which obliged the researcher of this kind of sample , the test and filming done during the morning at physical education college stadium by tennis at AL-Qadisiya University , the study has showed the decrease the distance between feet improve performance skill and height point variable exceed the other medium variables to transfer the most impact of direct effects and the medium variables meant which is between transfer the impact between two variables of first variable to 3rd variable as result the medium variable in this expression represent the 2nd variable , it is possible to desirable the indirect impact which happen with 3rd variable , the researcher recommends with necessity to design training system by the causality sample to improve performance of the kick the most important variables achieved higher size effect through concentrate on them in training process .

The Impact of Multimedia Technique in Learning Some Basic Skills Football for Students of the Faculty of Physical Education

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 213-240

The research contains presented and the importance of research, as was addressed to the method of multimedia and its prominent role in the educational process as well as to identify some of the basic skills used by researchers in football. The importance of this research lies in the impact of multimedia technique in the learning process.
The problem of the research can be summarized that the researchers believe that many of the teachers do not take into consideration the media and modern methods in learning the basic skills to football as well as the lack of diversification of the sources of knowledge in learning the skills therefore finds researchers The use of multimedia is one of the basic necessities that play a major role and effective in the learning process being provided accurate and timely information that will help improve the performance level of technical skills.
The goal of the searchsee the effect of each of the curriculum multimedia style and approach taken by the teacher to learn some basic skills football for first-graders.- see the difference in preference between learning curriculum multimedia style and approach taken by the teacher to learn some basic skills football skills to first-year students.
The researchers postulated :
The both approaches (multimedia style, the approach taken by the teacher) affect learning some basic skills football skills to first-year students.
There are significant differences in the effect of each of the curriculum multimedia style and approach taken by the teacher to learn some basic skills skill football and in favor of multimedia style.
This chapter the concept of learning and teaching methods and multimedia and their role in the educational process, and under skills, as well as similar studies.
The researchers concluded the following :
The method of multimedia has contributed to the progress of the performance level of basic skills (rolling, handling) for the experimental group in football.
The use of a method to provide multimedia performance level skills (rolling, handling) in football with a greater degree of method used by the teacher.
The researchers recommend the following:
The need for the use of multimedia (monitor visual "Data show", video cameras, Filx stained the sequence of motor skills, the neighborhood model) in the development of other basic skills.
Need the attention of teachers using the method of football media enumerated in the development of performance skills to football.