Volume 14, Issue 3, Spring 2014, Page 1-354


Training program effect suggested for developing some special creation ability (movement) for the pupils of primary fifth grade

Dr.zainab Abdul Raheem

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 1-35

The research contain the introduction and research importance that revelation in fixing on the children whenever to refine creation ability (movement) for the child in early time give butter results and take part in big form to presentation youth athlete in right way , the research problem was about sport going on general from and sport academic in special form .
The research aims was;
- Preparation training program suggested for developing some special creation ability (movement) for the pupils of primary fifthgrade in age (10-11) year.
- Recognize on training program effect suggested in developing some special creation ability (movement) for the pupils of primary fifth grade in age (10-11) year.
- The research suppositions was ;
- Availability differences the same statistics sign in same items special creation ability (movement) between the before and after tests for control group and for after tests.
- Availability differences the same statistics sign in some items special creation ability (movement) (the ability on overcome on the problems /imagination/concentration) between the before and after tests for the experimental group and for after tests.
- Availability differences the same statistics sign in some items special creation ability (movement) (the ability on overcome on the problems /imagination/concentration) in after tests between the two groups control and experimental and for experimental group.
- Research fields was :
- Human field: the pupils of primary fifth grade in age (10-11) year in al – irfan primary school in Basra governorate for academic year (2008-2009).
- Time field :going on stage between 19102008 till 2942009
- Location field :the playground and al – irfan mixed primary school
The research include academic study (creation /creation ability /the ability on overcome on the problems /imagination /concentration /gifted child)
Also include field effectuation for research (research method /research sample /tools and instrument and the ways used in the research /investigation test/before tests /training program suggested /after test /statistics ways
Also include advance the results for the before and after tests for two groups control and experimental and analysis it and discussion it.
The research include conclusions and commendations addition to the sources Arabic and foreign as well as attachment.

Determining Standard levels of some elements of Physical Fitness of basketball players on the wheelchairs

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 36-59

The importance of the study in the game of basketball on wheelchairs to disabled emanates from the lack of proper scientific method based on tests and measurements that show the status of disabled players in the fitness level , as an important and essential role in the development and raise their level of skill and tactical competence .
Due to the desire of the researcher to severe in the development of the game of basketball on wheelchairs for the disabled in the country , he works to find the levels of standard elements of fitness so that helps those levels on the calendar disabled athletes during the early stages of training differences and discover weaknesses and try to overcome them by Calendar objective training programs .
The research aims to :
1-To identify the level of physical fitness elements of basketball players on wheelchairs.1
2-grading standard for physical fitness elements of basketball players on wheelchairs.2
3.Develop a standard levels of the components of fitness for basketball players on wheelchairs.
The theoretical studies have included some topics such as , basketball wheelchairs for the disabled , and the medical classification of basketball wheelchairs for the disabled .
The research methodology and field procedures , the researcher used the descriptive manner survey , and selected the sample intentionally , which included 60 players from the players Iraqi clubs for disabled basketball wheelchair category amputation unilateral below the knee (A4) and representing (6 ) Clubs out ( 7) clubs were excluded Babylon Club for the disabled as a sample experiment reconnaissance , and identified the tools and methods used as well as the tests and conditions of availability and verify the scientific foundations through her trials Asttalaitin conducted by the researcher , and then use statistical methods appropriate for the purpose of data processing which serves as Search and reach its objectives
The researcher found to a set of conclusions , including :
1.converting raw scores to standard scores in the way sequencing and designing schedules resulting from the true level of the players, which can be referenced by specialists in the field of training to assess the level of the players
2.The levels of standard tests of physical research sample is located at the provision of (average) for the test throw medicine ball ( a kg) arm distinctive , and ( average ) for the test site , lie down , and (good) for the test sitting of lying down with arms extended , and ( average ) for the test bend back ( trunk ) and side (good) for testing creep back ( 17:00 )
The most important recommendations :
1.Adoption of the standard levels reached by the researcher to evaluate the results obtained by the players in the physical tests and to identify the levels
2.trainers need to take advantage of the results of this study in the planning and implementation of training programs
3.conduct a similar study dealing with other aspects of the game of basketball on wheelchairs and whose skills and aspects of psychological and physiological and morphological

Impact of Aerobic Exercises on the Story in the Development of Some Motor Physical and Motor abilities of Pre-school

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 60-72

The importance of research lies in launching a new form of motor programs and activities and follow the latest methods for the development of the most important physical and motor abilities of children by employing basic movements of the child in the form of aerobics exercises mixing the kinetic story. The Researchers have noted that the problem appears in the lack of interest in training programs and mobility for children, which explains the scarcity of these programs and their vulnerability in keeping pace with the development and scientific planning for pre-school programs which will reflect negatively on the children's physical and motor capacities .
The Researchers have used the experimental method for its suitability to the nature of the problem, the research sample was selected randomly, They are children enrolled in kindergarten (Al Farha) for the year (2011 - 2012); the sample consisted of (12) boys and girls of the age (4-5) years, Through expert opinion, the researchers designed tests for research and training curriculum for a number of Aerobics and the motor story.
The researchers arrivedal several results, including the presence of significant statistically significant differences between the results of the tests before and after the experimental group in the most important physical and motor abilities of the children .
The researchers also recommended the need for attention to physical education programs for children through evolution and modern software due to its importance in educating young people a sound physical education.

The Impact of Training Mtaulp Force on Some Variables Albyumkanikip and Speed to Pass Another Hurdles and completing the 400 meter Hurdles

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 73-91

This study aimed to identify the impact of Tripp Mtaulp force on some variables Albyumkanikip of the barrier and its effectiveness on the 400 meter hurdles, The researchers used a descriptive approach to a sample which been chosen intentionally from Basra runners of that season 2010 (4) runners, were chosen the endurance trainingwas done , and then tested . Aafter processing the data statistically the researchers concluded the following .
1 – The effect of the approach used on the development of Mtaulp strengths and endurance of the research sample .
2 - The Mtaulp has a good effect in improving the performance variables before.
3 - The development of endurance with the development of step before the hurdle .

Relationship between Emotional response and decisions football referees ( second-class ) of Diwaniyah province

Dr. Akram Hussein Jabur al-Janabi; ali yaqub wsef; wathaq Mohamed abed

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 92-106

psychological state Is important for the referee to prepare him before and during the match , psychologist must put in his mind the technical characteristics of teamwork .
One of cases that face referee is the psychological emotional responses , there are negative emotional responses lead to influence the referee at the required level of performance. On the contrary, there is a positive emotional responses are working on the stability level for the referee. These are all linked closely linked to the psychological factor.
In addition there is no test field of the referee in the area of decision-making where conditions are different for each referee from match to another .
This research aims to :
1 – identifying the relationship between emotional response and decision-making level of the second-class football referee in Iraq.
2 – designing a computer program to assess the referees decision.
The researchers used the descriptive manner relations and connectivity for nature of the search.
Researchers have identified the research community who are the second-class football referees in Diwaniya number (25) referees. Then the researcher chose in the same way the simple random search and the number (8) accounted for referees and members of (32%) from the original community.
Conclusions :
1 - There is a high correlation between emotional response and decision-making with the football referees .
2 - that the emotional response of the football referees have an important role in providing what could be provided by the referee during matches .
Recommendations:
1 - paying attention to emotional response because of its important role in identifying the truth capabilities of the referees during matches.
2 – building training programs that interest in psychological qualities football referees and link them to decision-making of the referees .

The success of the first serve according to descriptive analysis of classified players in the tennis game

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 107-117

The tennis player was able to possess two serves for each two points if fults in first he has the right in second serve , so the importance of first serve .
This study aims to identifying the proportion of successes and failures of the first serve of the Iraqi national team players tennis through descriptive analysis
Hypotheses .
There were a weakness and a big failure in the performance of the first serve of the Iraqi national team players tennis .

Relationship of excess body weight and efficient functional degree of self-confidence among students of the University of Al-Muthanna

Dena Sabah Ali

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 118-129

The study aimed to identify the relationship between body weight and functional efficiency also aimed to the relationship between body weight and the degree of self-confidence information was collected from different researches concerning the same subject matter The researcher relied on functional and psychological tests to get the results. The he researcher used the descriptive method in the field ; the research sample (45 students) distributed in all faculties of the university were selected and they were homogeneous dialing the height , weight and age test the efficiency of physical and psychological factors The researcher used statistical methods appropriate for data processing and concluded that there are statistically significant differences between weight and function and efficacy differences between the weight and the degree of self-confidence .

The Relationship between Achievement Motivation and Self-Confidence with Accurately Scoring of the Free Throw in ball Basketballl

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 130-144

What distinguishes basketball is its dependence on mental capacity and physical abilities and here lies the importance of research in the identification of achievement and self-confidence and their relationship on the of skill accurate scoring of free there of the Basra University basketball players for the sports season (2012 -2013).
The research problem was related to the importance of mental factors in basketball players in addition to the physical and skill factors and their role in the integration of building and preparation of the player to be eligible to achieve the results. The researcher made use of a statistically significant relationship between physical achievement motivation and self-confidence and accuracy of scoring of the free throw in basketball of the research sample.
The researcher used the descriptive method due to its suitability to the problem. Baadagrae tests were the statistical data of processing. The researcher has realized important results ; is there a of significant correlation between test of achievement motivation of the athlete and testing the accuracy of the scoring of the free throw in the basket ; significant correlation between physical ability test of self-confidence and accuracy of the scoring in the free throw basketball. One of the most important recommendations is the need for attention to the application of psychological tests and skills to define the level of progress in this respect .

Effect at Kinetics Program of Movement Education in Decreasing the Developmental Learning Difficulties of Preschool Children

Nashwan Mahmoud al-Saffar; berevan Abdullah Mufti

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 145-168

The aims of research was to understand the impact of the kinetic program education in the treatment of developmental learning disabilities for pre-school children . The research followed the imperial study sample was intentionally selected from preschool at the Al-Ghasuq Institute of Learning Difficulties where pupils suffer from developmental learning difficulties (6) kids (2) females and (4) males ; a diagnose scale developmental learning difficulties was used to measure developmental learning difficulties for kindergarten children).The research tool used (arithmetic mean, standard deviation, t-test) the following results were arrived at :
1 - the positive impact of effective education programs on the treatment of developmental motor learning difficulties.
2 - educational of language learning and social development can be realiaed through kinetic activities and education programs.

The researchers recommended the following recommendations:
1 - Using kinetic education programs on children with developmental learning difficulties in pre-school, because it is a positive impact on early treatment.
2 - emphasis on kinetics activities and a list of knowledge based on problems solving to draw the attention of the child and make him/her think to find a suitable solution to the problem presented to him/ her.
3 - Conduct follaw-up studies for pupils in the first grade in larger samples comparing the results of the present study.

The effect of Interference Between Mastery of Learning and Co-operative Learning on Learning Accuracy Passing and Goaling Skill in Handball.

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 169-184

The aim of the research is to identify the effect of interference between mastering learning and co-operative learning on learning accuracy passing and goaling skill in Handball .
The research hypothesized that the experimental group is better in learning skill compared to the control .
The researcher used an experimental method on (30) students divided into two equal groups. The experimental group (co-operative learning) and control (traditional method).
Then the main experiment was conducted and pre test and after (10) days test was made .
The results were analyzed and discussed. Finally the researchers concluded that the co-operative learning was better than the traditional learning . they recommended using this style in teaching Handall.

The Effect of the Muscle confusion in the Performance of the body Builders in Advanced classes

Dr. Ammar Muthana Fatlawi

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 185-198

It is included of the introduction _ importance of the research. There are group of changes which occur during the use of the muscle confusion especially when the working degree happen because the change will be occur in the muscle size.
In order to reach to the muscle confusion on the performance of the bodies builder players specially the post players in AL_Diwaniyah Club; they put big care on the one fast ( the muscle confusion ) which is dealing by the supervisions whom they supervisor on the players.
The researcher saw that it is necessity to use the muscle confusion principles because it is considered the basic roll in the athletic training specially in the power and affectivity at the bodies builders.
The problem of the research was in the muscle confusion through it create the gab from instability or wariness of the muscle by sending strange sins feeling transfert. This typical; that is to mean not on one path according to the weight exercise, training in the endure training degree during the training unit with saving of the aim of the training during the training unit.
The researcher is one of the player and trainer of this game, he saw dealing this problem because it is very important in the effect of the muscle confusion for the post player in AL_Diwaniyah Club in bodies_builder.
Aim of the research is to know the effect of the muscle confusion in the performance of the bodies_builder of the post player in AL_Diwaniyah Club in 2012_2013.
Hypotheses. The researcher hypotheses that there are a moral discrepancies of the muscle confusion in the performance the post player in the bodies _ builders of AL_Diwaniyah Club.
The fields; the humanistic field were the players of AL_Diwaniyah Club in the bodies _ builder; post class in 2012_2013. The temporal field was from 25/11/2012 till 1/5/2013, the place field was the future hall in AL_Diwaniyah city.
The stud contain the theoretical studies on the subject which may clear the importance date in this study. The curriculum of the study and the field procedures; the researcher use the equipment; means, tools that make the study to research to high level from the accuracy. The research use the investigation experiment, tests, the measurement which is use in pre_post tests beside to research fields then the researcher combined the date from the tests ben enter them in the statistic bag ( SPSS ) to show the value then analysis and discussion of them.
In show, analysis, discussion of the result after enter them in the statistic tables; the researcher show analysis and discuss them according to scientific basic in the carrot carriage right side to research to result conclusion.
The training program has positive effect increasing the muscle power and the physiological part of the muscles for the bodies _ builder players.
The most important recommendation was the use of the muscle confusion principle beside to specially training curriculum of the bodies _ builder players specially in post class.

Overtraining and Impact of Training in Psychological Coping Energy Football Players

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 199-211

This study aimed to determine the impact of excessive training on some psychological variables (self-athlete coping, psychic energy) of the football players To achieve this the study was conducted on a sample of 20 players representing the team the Technical Education participating in Iraqi universities Football, championship . The sample was taken intentionally A pretest was taken to determine the psychological variables 14 days before the participation in the results of the study showed that there are statistically significant differences between the results of the pre and post tests and in favor of the pretert relating to coping variables and mental energy

The effect of self-learning to acquire the defending movements by swordplay for students o f the physical education college – University of Al-Qadisiya

Dr. Hudhaifa Ibrahim Khaleel Al Harbi

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 212-230

ملخص البحث :
أجراء الدراسات والبحوث عامة البيوميكانيكية خاصة التي يمكن من خلالها تطوير مستوى الأداء الفني والبدني والنفسي والوظيفي ، كما يسهم التحليل الحركي في الكشف عن الطرائق الجديدة للتكنيك الرياضي ويستخدم لحل المشكلات الفنية التي تتعلق بالتعلم والتدريب حيث يقوم بتشخيص الحركات ومقارنتها لكونه يعتمد القياس الدقيق لإظهار التفاصيل الفنية للأداء بشكلها الحقيقي ومهارة الإرسال من المهارات الأساسية المهمة في لعبة التنس حيث تمتاز هذه المهارة بجماليتها عند أدائها بالإضافة الى صعوبة التكنيك الخاص ، وتكمن أهمية البحث في التعرف على مستوى لاعبي منتخب جامعة بابل في أداء مهارة الإرسال بالتنس الأرضي من اجل الوقوف على نقاط القوة والضعف لدى لاعبي المنتخب في هذه المهارة فضلاً عن التعرف على المتغيرات الكينماتيكية المؤثرة في المهارة للارتقاء بمستوى الأداء للاعبين بالتنس الأرضي ، وقد أرتئ الباحث الخوض في هذه الدراسة للوقوف على أهم المتغيرات المؤثرة في أنجاح المهارة كونها مفتاح اللعب والفوز في المباراة ,ويهدف البحث الى التعرف على قيم بعض المتغيرات الكينماتيكية للاعب المصنف الأول على جامعة بابل بالتنس الأرضي ولاعب المصنف الأول على جامعات الفرات لأوسط (الأنموذج) والمقارنة بينهما .
أما عينة البحث فهم من لاعبين مصنفين من لاعبي الجامعات العراقية المشاركين قي بطولة الجامعات العراقية 2012 -2013 وقد قام الباحث باستخدام التي تصوير لتصوير الأداء للاعبين ثم قام بتحليل متغيرات الأداء يد الدراسة وقد استعان بالحقيبة الإحصائية( spss ) للتوصل الى نتائج البحث والتي تم مناقشتها في الباب الرابع وقد استنتج الباحث ظهور تباين كبير ومتفاوت في متغيرات لاعب منتخب جامعة بابل مما يعطي مؤشراً على الاختلاف في المواصفات الجسمية فضلاً عن الأسس التدريبية الغير موحدة والتي تعكس الجهد المبذول في سبيل تهيئتهم الى البطولات القادمة. وقد أوصى الباحث بضرورة التأكيد على التوافق والتناسق في عمليه ألنقل الحركي للقوه من الأرض الى الكره بالإضافة الى التوافق والتناسق في الإنشاءات الحاصلة في المفاصل فضلا عن ضرب الكره في أعلى ارتفاع لها استناداً على مبدأ زيادة المركبة العمودية للحركة .

The effect of self-learning to acquire the defending movements by swordplay for students o f the physical education college – University of Al-Qadisiya

M.M. Haider Mohammed Musleh

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 231-247

The research includes the following :
The first chapter ,which included the introduction and the importance of research ,its summarize that the importance of the current study raise the level of performance skills to the movements of defense ( straight ,half circular , diametric , ring ) for the student of third stage physical education college – University of Al-Qadisiya , respecting the problem through the researcher's acknowledgment at the student of third stage physical education college – University of Al-Qadisiya found weakness in the performance of defensive movements by swordplay .Reading the objectives of the research which is to identify the impact of the method of self-learning by using the teachers material ( imperative ) to learn the defensive movements by swordplay , identifying on any two methods (self-learning or methods used by teacher's material ( imperative ) better in learning defensive movements by swordplay , the hypotheses were available of significant statically differences between the two tests pre and posttest for the experimental group used a method of self-learning and the control group , which used the method of the subject teacher ( imperative ) and for the post-test , and the presence of statistically significant and the control group , which used the method of the teacher's material ( imperative ) in the post-test and in favor of the experimental group , while the research methodology included the research method whereas researcher used the experimental method for suitability of the nature's research , and the research's sample formed of ( 40) of students' community , based on ( 192) students from the student of third stage physical education college – University of Al-Qadisiya for the academic year 2012-2013 , also the methods using in the research that has included also the fourth chapter which viewing the results and discussion , analysis , as research has included chapter five , which deal with the conclusions and recommendations that its conclusions were as following : The effectiveness of each method of self-learning and the method used by teacher's material ( imperative ) to learn the defensive movements contained searching swordplay weapon , learning style of self-learning defensive movements by swordplay , the most important recommendations are : conducting researches and studies to determine the impact of self-learning defensive movements by swordplay which are difficult to teach the learners on swordplay and the two other weapons ( swordplay and saber ) , conduct research and studies to determine the effect of other methods to learn the composed and difficult movements by swordplay and the two other weapons ( swordplay and saber ) .

A symbolic learning model the impact on the track for some movements atack in weapon foil for the students of the Faculty of Physical Education

Dr. Rulla Mekdad Abead

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 248-262

Search included the following :
- Chapter I, which dealt with provided and the importance of research summed up the importance of the current study to raise the level of performance skills to some of the movements atack in weapon foil for the students of the third stage / Physical Education College / University of Qadisiyah, but the problem is through informed researcher at the level of students Phase III / College of Physical Education / University of Qadisiyah, and found that there was weakness in the performance of some of the movements in weapon foil, The objectives of the research is to identify the impact of the model code and the method used by the subject teacher on the track dynamic behavior of some of the movements in weapon foil, and to identify any of the methods (model symbolic and manner of by the subject teacher) best on the track dynamic behavior of some of the movements in weapon foil, and assumptions were having a positive effect of the experimental group used the model code and the control group, which used a method of the subject teacher on the track motor movements in forged research, and the presence of statistically significant differences between the experimental group used symbolic model and the control group used a method subject teacher in the post-test and in favor of the experimental group, The research methodology includ the research methodology the researcher used the experimental method for suitability the nature of search. The research sample consisted sample of (20) a student of society based on (26) students from the third stage / Physical Education College / University of Qadisiyah for the academic year 2012-2013, note that it was excluded (6) students from the community of origin for their participation experience reconnaissance, and included also the methods used in the research, experiment reconnaissance and search procedures field, and included research also Chapter IV, which dealt with viewing the results and discussed and analyzed, and ensures search Chapter V, which dealt with the conclusions and recommendations that were his findings as follows: the effectiveness of each of the model code and the method used by the subject teacher on the track motor movements in weapon foil contained research, learning model symbolic more effective on the track motor movements in weapon foil contained research, but the most important recommendations are: conduct research and studies to investigate the effect of learning model symbolic path locomotor movements offensive again and with the difficulty of learning on learners with a weapon foil and the other the weapon (saber weapon and weapon sword).

The Effect of walking in Different speeds on the Altremedal device according on the rehabilitation of people with high systolic blood pressure

Dr. Ahmed Shaker al- aubidy

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 263-281

The aim of the research:
1 – Preparation on walking exercises in different speeds on Altredmal .
2 - Investigating the effect of walking exercises in different speeds on the rehabilitation of people with high blood pressure.

The Procedures of the field research:
The research procedures there performed using the experimental method on a sample of (20) in people with high blood pressure, age (43) of the city of Baghdad The researcher used walking exercises different speeds and has tests before and after using the device for measuring the level of blood pressure.

The Researh Conclusions:
The researcher has reached at these conclusions:
1-The walking exercises in different speeds have a positive impact in the rehabilitation of people with high blood pressure from a health point of view .
2- The walking exercises different in speeds contributed to the widening of blood vessels and correcting their work.

The Effect Of Using Made Teaching Aid On Teaching Front And Back Summersault On the Floor Mat in Modern Gymnastics For Men

Dr.Tariq Nezar Al-Talib

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 282-297

The aim of the study was to develop and use a teaching apparatus in teaching front and back summersault.
The subjects were (40) students enrolled in a gymnastic class (third grade) at the College of physical Education, University of Baghdad. The subjects were divided into experimental group (20) students and control group (20) students.
Results showed the effectiveness of the apparatus in teaching both the front and back summersault, and the researcher recommended manufacturing such apparatuses locally for their low cost and high effectiveness.

Physical Patterns of Athletes and Their Impact on Aggressive Behavior, Optimism and Pessimism

raafat A. Al Krouy

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 298-313

This study consists of five chapters : In the first chapter, a definition of research and its importance were discussed in addition to the importance of physical patterns and role of referees in determining the importance of research to identify the patterns of aggressive behavior , optimism and pessimism.
The research problem :
Previous studies and experts have not mention that there is a relationship between each of the of physical patterns (fleshy and muscular and slim) and each of the aggressive behavior , optimism and pessimism . There for the researcher chose to know this unique relationship.
This study aims to :
1 - Identifying the effect of physical patterns (chubby, muscular and slim) in each of aggressive behavior, optimism and pessimism
So researcher supposes that :
1 - there are a differences in the relationship between each and every pattern of aggressive behavior, optimism and pessimism.
In the fourth chapter the researcher shows the research methodology and procedures. the used the descriptive method . The sample consists of the team players club in Diwaniyah, Iraq; (60) players were choosy the research tools were used, and the measurements were taken bodily to identify the patterns and the application of measures of aggressive behavior, optimism and pessimism The researcher made an exploratory experiment and the main experiment, the means and the tools, and statistical methods were used.
Conclusions :
1 - Players with muscular bodywork style are pessimistic and aggressive .
2 - Generally optimism is found among the chubby players .
3 - Weak players show a pattern of pessimism.
Recommendations :
1 – there is a need to pay attention to the psychological aspects of the players according to their physical styles to raise them to high psychological level.
2 – A need to make similar studies .

Acomparative Study of Dietary Behavior Among Primary school Pupils for Some Schools in Soran

Prof .Dr. Falih Jaaz Shalesh; Mr. Abu zaid Saber Karim

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 314-334

The aim of this study is to identify the differences in dietary behavior of pupils (girls and boys) for some of the primary schools in Soran, as well as study of the relationship between dietary behavior and body mass index (BMI) . The researchers conducted this study in two schools; one for them for boys and the other for girls in the environment with equal economic and social level of (Sarkawt Boys‘ School) and (Haval girls’ School) (50) pupils from Sarkawt School and (50) pupils from Haval School . A questionnaire was designed including 4 indicators (food culture, eating habits at school, dietary behavior and dietary behavior in trips and events)to identify which dietary behavior has positive or negative impact on the four ndicators. The researchers used the following statistical methods treating the results: (percentage, arithmetic mean, standard deviation, Pearson's Coefficient of Correlation and (t) for arithmetic means interconnected.
The researchers arrived at the following conclusions:
1. Percentages generally show a very close relation ship between study samples especially high retating to the indicator of the food culture and dietary behavior.
2. There is a significant correlation in the indicator at food culture and dietary behavior with a body mass index in the Sarkawt Boys’ School.
3. There is a significant statistic correlation in the indicator at food culture with body mass index for Haval Girls’ School.

The specialist classification of the Handball players according to some of the skill performance changes ( Defensive and Offensive) ,the motor abilities and the bodies measurements for (17-18)a year old

Dr. Hazem Moussa Al-ameri; Dr. Mushreq Aziz Al-lamiy

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 335-354

The study aim to classify the Handball players according to the defensive, offensive skill , motor abilities and the bodies measurements to the play position .
The community of the study wimp the specialist position players in Handball of the Al-Diwaniyah gubernator with (17-18) years old in 2013.
The specimens of the study were 40 players .The were chosen by simple randomly (Lo to) the specie wen were 80% from the original community .
From the statistical meaner the conclusion were as the following .
1- By the classify then is correct choose of the position which the player will practiced in it.
2- All what is distinguish of the each group from the skills , measurements , characteristics after the classification are the factor that connected with the position type.
Re commendations:
1- Depend on the classification tests in the classify of the Handball player according to play position .
2- The test may be consider as the players fitness from time to time .