Volume 13, Issue 2, Summer 2013, Page 1-372


The Impact of Rubber-Cord Exercises on Length and Step Frequency for Maximum Speed Stages and Speed Endurance and Achievement of 100 m

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 19-32

The importance of this research lies in the fact that it deals with coaching that depends on assistance aids for the development of speed in the activities of athletics.
The research comes up with some conclusions and recommendations. It is found out that rubber-cord exercises lead to the development of the variable of maximum speed, speed endurance, length and step frequency, and achievement. The need to use rubber cords as assistance aids in the development of speed in the events of athletics.

The Effect of Using an Electrical Device with TWO Frequencies to Stimulate Some of the Active Muscles on the Achievement of the Advanced Weight-Lifters

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 33-64

Abstract

The Effect of Using an Electrical Device with TWO Frequencies to Stimulate Some of the Active Muscles on the Achievement of the Advanced Weight-Lifters

This paper sheds light on the impact of using an electrical device to stimulate some of the muscles involved in the process of physical coaching to raise the level of achievement of the advanced weight-lifters.

The problem of the research is that there is some weakness and no development of the maximum voluntary muscular contraction. Such maximums, which can have a positive effect on the production and development of the maximum force, can not be easily obtained by players. It can only be developed by using special styles and methods of training with electrical stimulation.

The researcher comes up with some important conclusions and recommendations. One of these conclusions is that the style of training with electrical stimulation has a positive effect on the development of maximum power and achievement, and on some indicators of the kinetic course of the weight of the muscles involved in the performance of the snatch and jerk movements. It is highly recommended that electrical stimulation be used as part of the training curriculum as a means to develop the maximum power or any other capacity.

"The effect of the complex training apply time in the development of some motor skills and basic offensive skills of basketball for young players"

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 65-96

The study aims at identifying the impact of the difference in time complexity of training on motor abilities of the players as well as basic offensive skills.
The experimental method is used because it is the best way to solve the problem of the research.
The youth team of AL-Diwaniyah Governorate for the sports season 2011 -2012 is selected as the sample of the research and the number of the players is (12), divided into two groups. The uniformity and equality in factors of the study are done in addition to homogeneity between the respondents in both groups. This study is to conduct more than one exploratory experience. The first one is to ensure the application of pillar mobile and is conducted on three players from the research community to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the pillar and reach the final form.
After the preparation of items of the training curriculum proposed, it is applied to the other two groups. The first group has trained for the whole period of the training (10) weeks and an average of three training unit in the week to get to know the impact of these exercise in the basic attacking skills As well as motor skills while the second group was trained in tradition way for the first (5) weeks and then entered the second period "Complex training".
Several conclusions are come up with including:
The two mechanisms of the complex training Influenced differently in the development of motor skills.
The two mechanisms had a mixed impact in making development of the basic offensive skills (passing - Handling - scoring).
It is highly recommended that the complex mechanism be adopted in the development the basic offensive skills and motor skills despite some negative reaction from the players but the continuity give positive results.

Predicting the level of accuracy of the movement in terms of scoring some biomechanic variables affecting the footsal

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 97-116

The research aims to identifying some of the biomechanics variables affecting the skill of movement for scoring in the footsal, understanding the relationship of some biomechanical variables that effect the skill of scoring of movement and accuracy of scoring in the footsal, exploring the contribution of some biomechanical variables that effect the skill of movement for scoring in the footsal, and finding a formula to predict the level of accuracy in terms of scoring of some biomechanics variables that effect the skill of movement for scoring in the footsal .

Among the most prominent conclusions that the research comes up with is identifying some biomechanical variables that effect the level of accuracy of the scoring of the movement of the sample.

Three-dimensional analysis of the some angular biokinmatic variables for the main stage of the front forward Kick in Tennis and its relationship with accuracy

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 117-140

The problem of the research has been identified in the study of the Forward Kick in Tennis through the analysis of the three-dimensional analysis which is more comprehensive credible in the detection of variables related to the Forward Kick in Tennis. The objective of this research is to identify some of the three-dimensional angular biokinmatic variables for the main stage the front straight kick , and to identify the relationship of some angular biokinematic variables of the three-dimensional of the main stage to the Forward Kick and the accuracy of performance. The descriptive method is used by the researchers because of its relevance to the the nature of the research. The sample of the research consists of (5) players representing the Nineveh Province Team, for Youth, chosen according to the intentional way. Measurement, scientific observation, testing and evaluation methods are used for data collection, as it analyses the content of scientific sources to identify the variables. Mass and height is measured. Testing the performance of five players with five attempts to the front kick is made, and the best kick is assessed for kinetic analysis.
It is concluded that the variables of the angle of the striking arm from the flat side and the angular velocity of the flat side do not have any effect on the accuracy of the technical performance of the strike front.

The Influence of Using Special Exercises with Weights to Develop Moments of Force to Some of the Striking Shoulder and Arm Muscles and Accuracy of the Skill of the Smash and Rectum in Volleyball

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 141-158

This research is an attempt to develop exercise with weights to strengthen some of the striking muscles in the shoulder and arm and to develop the accuracy of the smash and rectum skills. The importance of this paper lies in the study of moments of force to achieve the ability to control muscular work and to explore the impact of physical and skill exercises with weights to develop moments of force for some muscles.
The experimental method on a sample of players, selected according to the intentional method, including ( 9) advanced players representing Air Force Club participating in the Premier League for season 2011-2012.
It is concluded that the exercises proposed have their effective impact on developing the variables of moments force for some of the active and striking muscles of the shoulder and arm joint as well as the accuracy of the smash and rectum skills. It is highly recommended that emphasis be laid on the use of weight exercises according to the theory of moments depending on optimum resistance in determining the intensity of the exercises.

The effect of using cycle exercises (stretching - the default) and the display of kinetic model by using the technology of the mobile to develop the level of performance and achievement in the activity of the long jump

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 159-204

In the past decade, tools of education and training of computer-based mainly have appeared. Several researches in the field of physical education in the use of e-learning in motor learning the skill sports, have emerged showing the possibility of investing wireless techniques of communications in general and mobile in particular, establishing a new concept in education systems by using the mobile.
This research is an attempt to answer the following questions:
1- Is it possible to use mobile devices as educational tools used by learners as feedback through the presentation of motor skills in games and sporting events, 2- Does this kind of education make success in the speed and quality of learning? 3- Will the use of the mobile education in the field of motor learning in sports skill be one of the new formulas in education and integrated with the advanced technologies in the world of communications, and using them to serve the educational process in the field of sports.
Due to the importance of exercise (cycle stretching - the default), the development of power, speed and access to the maximum output power in less time as possible 'and the contribution of this type of training to overcome the problems encountered in the development of the ability of muscle in its tracks appropriate to get to mastering performance, the researcher uses this type of exercise in the development of the level of technical performance and achievement in the activity of the long jump. The experimental method is used for two groups (control and experimental) by using pre and posttests with a sample consisting of (24) female students of the college of physical Education.
The research comes up with several conclusions, including: 1- the cycle of stretching and exercises default has a significant positive impact on the development of transitional speed and muscle power of the legs and the level of achievement in the activity of the long jump, 2- Using the mobile to watch the kinetic model as a feedback has a significant impact on the development of the level of technical performance of the long jump, 3- The experimental sample outperformed the control sample in the rates of all the variables of the study and at high rates.

تأثير أسلوب التدريب البالستي والبليو مترك في تطوير بعض المتغيرات البدنية والبيو كينماتيكية و إنجاز ركض 400م حواجز

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 205-226

Abstract


It is highly important to make certain choice of methods for training in carrying out exercises used in physical coaching as well as using means and methods to help improving the efficiency of functional devices for runners and raise their physical and biomechanical abilities which ultimately leads to improving achievement.
One of the important means at the local level is the ballistic and metric training to overcome the shortage of speed resulting from the traditional training weights. It is also called resistance training ballistic (ballistic resistance training) which includes certain exercises (lifting weights relatively light weight with high speeds, jacket weights, Keeter, weights, etc.). The importance of this research lies in the use of ballistic and metric training to develop some bio- kinetic variables, some physical attributes and achievement in 400m running and hurdles.

A comparative study in aggressive behavior among disadvantaged athletes and non-deprived parents

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 227-246

Abstract


The absence of the father in the life of the individual has its negative bearing on his personality as well as depriving him of the social experience that he mostly needs in his life.
The father plays a significant role in the lives of the individuals. Feelings of self-responsibility are mainly derived from the father figure and his authority. The composition of the Super ego or growth of conscience also derives from the patriarchal model.
Several researches that link deprivation and different variables such as the aggressive behavior for people deprived of their parents have been written. It is noted that there is a contradiction in the results of these researches. Some of these researches have indicated that aggressive behavior is greater for those who are deprived of their fathers than their peers (those who do not suffer of this deprivation). Other researches have come up with contradictory results. It is this contradiction in results that urges the researcher to conduct a scale that measures the aggressive behavior for athletes deprived of their fathers as well as non-deprived ones to identify differences among them.
To achieve the research objectives, a sample of (150) players/ youth class from the Middle Euphrates and the Southern Region is randomly selected. The scale consists of (29) items.
To provide the proper environment and compensation for the role of the father in the formation of the personalities of those who are deprived of their fathers as well as the need to adopt and take care of this group of young people are highly recommended.

A Proposed Learning Curriculum of Some of the Basic Skills of Volleyball for People with Diabetes (Type 1) and its Effect on Some of the Chemical, Functional and Mental Indicators

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 247-274

Abstract
A Proposed Learning Curriculum of Some of the Basic Skills of Volleyball for People with Diabetes (Type 1) and its Effect on Some of the Chemical, Functional and Mental Indicators


Researchers have looked for methods that make scientific research and contemporary technology one of the needs for the development of society by detecting the different capabilities and energies of its members in an attempt to achieve the greatest possible access to it through the development of appropriate alternatives for the treatment of many diseases that affect the community, particularly the genetic diseases. In fact, children and young people inherit certain diseases and suffering from an early age such as diabetes. The process of preparing a curriculum that contains exercises for teaching the skills of volleyball and raise the level of fitness requires many of the scientific bases and employs various sciences in order to improve the conditions of the patients and minimize their effects.
This study is an attempt to find what the impact of the curriculum on the development of susceptibility oxygenic and mitigation of the high level of sugar and mental processes in living with diabetes type first is.

The effect of a proposed rehabilitative curriculum on the treatment of lacerations ligaments and strengthening muscles working in the shoulder joint for handball and tennis players

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 275-314

Abstract

The effect of a proposed rehabilitative curriculum on the treatment of lacerations ligaments and strengthening muscles working in the shoulder joint for handball and tennis players

This paper deals with developing a curriculum proposed to the treatment of lacerations ligaments and rehabilitate muscles working in the shoulder joint, which makes it able to perform the activity for this joint and its movement to make it focus on the inputs that make the return movement of the joint naturally and in a very short time. This is due to the fact that the movement of the upper limb mainly depends on the safety and effectiveness of this joint.
The problem of the research is preparing a curriculum proposed to accelerate the complete healing of the shoulder joint, as well as to access power, flexibility and endurance proper to the joint, similar to the state of the athlete before injury in order to reach the largest percentage in achieving success in the treatment of this injury.

The research comes up with some conclusions and recommendations. It is concluded that the proposed Platform for rehabilitation has a significant positive effect on the variables of the research (flexion, Extension, Adduction, Abduction, Internal rotation, Lateral Rotation, the flexibility of the shoulders, the maximum of power, the power deals fast, Endurance of power) in athletes injured in the shoulder joint. It is also recommended that this curriculum be adopted to treat the injury of the shoulder joint and strengthening the active muscles on the affected joint.

A comparative Study of Physiological and Biochemical Changes Before and During Ministration of Female for Foot Sal Players

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 315-332

Abstract

A comparative Study of Physiological and Biochemical Changes Before and During Ministration of Female for Foot Sal Players

Foot Sal is one of sports that basically need anaerobic energy system. This
study is concerned with the effect of physiological and biochemical changes. Its importance lies in the fact that it presents information about the mechanism of menstruation period.
Hormone action is to be studied by conducting a comparison between such changes before and after menstruation, and whether they control or help the required muscles spasm. All this is done just to understand the changes occur while practicing sport activities. Recent studies about biological changes of ministration are few to gain knowledge about the changes of ministration what her positive or negative as well as changes before or after it , the study compares between the states before and after ministration.
The aim of study is to investigate the physiological and biochemical changes before and daring ministration and comparing between them , the study concludes :
- There are variables that are not affted by ministration such as blood pressure ( ) Nitrate percentage , Kitoo , Brotins , degree of acidity .
- some physiological changes increased during menstruation ( blood lactic , temperature , pulse , and white blood cells ) .
- Some biochemical changes were , before the menstruation , less than after the period ( High density Biotins ) .

The percentage of contribution of some of the Biomechanical variables to achievement in the event of discus throwing

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 333-352

The effectiveness of the discus events with the technical performance of the complex, which depends on motor transference to the body parts in a coherent and specific way with certain conditions, can be studied carefully and in detail to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the technical performance to get rid of the negative aspects and focus on the positive ones. Hence the intellectual problem of the study in question appears as to question the possibility of identifying the rates of contribution of biomechanical variables of the event of discus throwing.
The study aims at identifying the rates of contribution of these variables in the technical performance of discus throwing.

To achieve these goals, the researcher resorts to illustrate with real events of throwers discus throwing players by using (4) cameras different speeds in different directions. The research society includes (72) attempts taken from (8) throwers by (9) attempts per thrower, who have participated in the Tournament of Iraq in Jadiriyah 2011-2021, The sample of the research consists of the successful attempts which are (51) attempts. Twenty- four biomechanical variables have been selected by the researcher after studying the scientific sources and the opinion of experts and specialists in this field.

Social support and its relationship toperformanc assessment for group majors and their assistants in the camps for the colleges of physical education at the University of Kofa

wafaa Turky; Majda Abass Mohammed Ali

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 353-372

The objective of this research is to identify the social support and evaluate the performance of the majors of groups and their assistants in the camps, as well as to identify the nature of the relationship between these two variables. The descriptive method in the style of survey is used. The sample of the research is chosen randomly. The number of the community is (120) group leaders and leader and assistants. The research requires a scale for social support which has (18) items. After collecting the forms and sorting the data, certain statistical means are used to obtain the results of the research. In the light of these results, some conclusions are come up with by the researchers. The group leaders enjoy good social support and evaluate the performance, as well as identifying the nature of the relationship between social support and evaluate the performance. It is highly recommended that the social support scale be adopted as a tool for scientific research by those who work in the field of the Scout Movement, as well as the need to prepare group leaders by doing their training courses and the emphasis on providing social and psychological support and moral support to group leaders and their assistants in scout camps.