Volume 7, Issue 2, Summer 2007, Page 1-143


Biomechanical use of indicators to measure the explosive power in the long jump test of fortitude

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 101-107

The prescription-strength single most important physical attributes basic reliable in achieving the best achievements in all competitions and sporting events, whether individual or collective ( Vrgih ) , they are the main cause for the change of body movement in both were horizontal or vertical , has agreed a lot of researchers in the Sports , which is characterized by force can achieve the level of performance Mehari best , and crystallize the importance of this force in the performance of most of the skills and the need for it when the performance of each skill and in accordance with the purpose of this performance. That's designed many of the tests that measure most of the manifestations of this force ) Kachtbarat long jump of stability and vertical jump test of fortitude and partridge one man or two men of fortitude ..... Etc. ( All of these tests are based on measuring the horizontal distance covered or the vertical distance of completed units of a meter and its parts , and all of that can not be the distance achieved from these tests reflect real strength , which is paid by the body athlete to accomplish this distance without the involvement of body mass and the time to use this force , since each body its own mass , which is directly proportional to the amount of force exerted to the moment of payment , and this is indicated by the fundamental law of mechanics ( Newton's second law ) which states ) force = mass × acceleration of ) and this stops the level of achievement of the distance the horizontal or vertical where performance Ultra and the amounts of power that can be produced by the athlete in the totals for the major muscles working on the joints involved in this performance. The researcher seeks to clarify the importance of the study of this force through measured artistic and technical gives an indication of the real for the amount of momentum intraday ) explosive ) that his athlete when performing jumping stability will be restricted his research to test the long jump stability to the possibility of demonstrable practical and using a quantitative analysis of the amounts speed and the time of payment and relying on Newton's second law to measure the power at the starting of the cases of fixed and which gives the broader concept of the adoption of the concept of jumping the measured distance in meters , which is affected by many variables and mechanical Kketlh time payment and the speed of the body when starting .

Impact of the proposed training approach in my weight training walblamtrk in the development of force with speed of the muscles of the legs and scoring power and distance of handball

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 1-16

Muscle strength is a core element of physical performance as one of the dynamic factors of locomotor performance is due to progress in performance and most sources confirms the importance of sports power as an essential component of CPG faith and fitness is an essential element for the development of motor performance (1) 0 as the scholars that muscle strength an important constituent of the motor and the motor pool capacity 0 < br/> finds Taha Ismail and others "that are more common and fitness components are the ability of the muscle to make maximum power Against the resistance "(2) < br/> mentions both Jensen and Fischer (Jensen and Fisher) that the muscle strength of the most important qualities of structure which lead to access to the upper levels in all sports (3) < br/> Munir pointed out that muscle strength Zarzis essential components of fitness game-specific item faith handball 0 < br/> force feature is speed, one of the basic elements of muscle power, defined as the ability of the muscle to overcome opponents using high mobility and speed are important in handball Exceed maximum power or strength and fitness components are for the handball player, where they play a major role in handball skills are crucial in many of them, and dependable in the effective completion of the efficiency

Compared to the stress and the fields between the players gaming the difference applicants

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 120-132

In the field of competitive sport taking interest in officials from Adareiaan and trainers is increasing the knowledge of the same sports and topics closely linked and impact Blaabém because of its implications are clear in their achievement and achievement athlete . Mental tension one of the main themes and situations that afflict athletes in general, in all sports the difference and individuality and to varying degrees , it may be at some have very few degrees than at others to reach very high ratings depending on the complexity of the problems and stresses of everyday life for each of them . If so significant with grades of low-lying can not be overlooked when the degrees of tension high to greatly affect the technical level of the players and the power dissipation of physical and skill of the players. And longer games the difference of football and handball and basketball and volleyball games mass that attracts large crowd of competitions for fun large -borne and no doubt that the stress levels high will affect negatively the performance of the players and then the viewing pleasure . lies the importance of research to identify the degree of stress among game players the difference ( football , handball, basketball and volleyball ) in one of the clubs Riadihokzlk identified on any of the players of these games vulnerable to the pressures of stress to put the results of that under the eyes of coaches to be their dealings with their players according to sound scientific basis

The irregular and regular training for certain blood components in energy production systems

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 29-52

science of sports training Physiology science necessary for working in the field of sports. Gets the evolution in the level of physical performance as a result of the physiological effects of training through which the vital body organs and adapt the training attendance one of the fundamental pillars to ensure high standards, and the results of scientific research to the lower level of the athlete as a result of absence from training. < br/> despite scientific progress, research and studies in this field still need more info to access the scientific facts of some blood components and systems for energy production in the body The player and the physiological changes associated with performance, through descriptive studies can obtain information we explain these changes and that will help us understand the natural laws underlying walbiokimiaeh and then enable us to increase its effectiveness in training 0 < br/> general concept of training means "career development processes for the body to adapt by regular exercises for automated performance requirements" (1)

Speed ​​drills for sprinters and vertical jump athletics according to the theory of kinetic energy

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 132-143

An urgent need for workers in the athletic training to understand the importance of the interaction between science different sports to choose methods and appropriate training and that facilitates the process of sports training and assistance in reaching a correct binding between these sciences for use in providing new information and the disclosure of the characteristics of athletes and work in conjunction with direct coaches national teams to ensure the application of the correct binding and scientific duties and essential for instructors , is how to take advantage of the mechanical laws that are related to variables, speed and mass sports in the development achievements by athletes , both in Alarcad short or events vertical jump ( high jump and pole vault ), high jump and pole vault . And the theory of mechanical energy ( kinetic energy and potential energy ) is one of those laws that are directly related to the movement of sports when jogging or when you jump , and that could give an explanation for the problems of the motor for the type of relationship between the recipe speed and mass of the player and the accomplishment achieved by , where as it is known that the speed of the body related to the mass of the body which vary from athlete to last

The effect of different ratios of the feedback to learn and retain the skills of handling and shooting in football

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 77-91

The process of learning is a fundamental requirement in all walks of life , there is still diligence continues to develop the educational process and commensurate with the variables of time and the developments of events , and methods of researchers and specialists in the field of sports in general and football field , in particular the doors of science in order to reach the latest the most effective ways to uncover the truth and to highlight successful methods in the process of learning and capabilities to suit the learners. And football is one of the group games the most famous in the world, has long been this game to a lot of studies and research , making it a constantly evolving , and so is the process of learning form successful has to be mastered and mastery of methods and take all the variables . And feedback is one of the important variables in the learning process and that can not be dispensed with in order to reach mastery learning process and learners access to advanced levels . From here, received feedback interest specialists and researchers in the paths motor learning in general and learn the basic skills of football in particular. Has demonstrated the importance of research being dealt feedback public quantitatively to see how the acquisition as well as retention of the skills of handling and correction fact these skills magnets basic skills which can be of the attack during which the building and end to score goals .

The impact of the programme to relax and breathe in some variables alfslget and achievement of effective ran 5000 m for youth

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 62-77

Sports training knowledge based on scientific grounds is subject , in essence, the principles and the laws of the natural sciences , humanitarian and medical, psychology is among the humanities from which it derives trainer a lot of knowledge and science that contribute to access to the objectives of the athletic training to achieve. Attribute many of the scientists Sports Psychology worker psychological great importance in determining the outcome of the struggle of the players during the sports competition in order to win and achieve records and is based upon achieving victory and win indicates where (Ali Saeed basil , Hamdi Mohammed Jeweler ) Mohammad Hassan Allawi 0.1992 to "The heroes athletes at the international level converge to a large degree in terms of the level of physical and technical ( Mehari - my plans ) but there is an important factor determines as a result of their struggle during sports competition in order to win a psychological factor which plays an important role is based upon to a large extent to achieve win-win " ( ) the Head on some psychiatrists and researchers to perform many studies for the training of relaxation and organize breathing in order to be used as a means of numbers of psychological athletes attempt to get rid of stress and anxiety and arousal facing athletes before or during sports competition . " the importance of relaxation and organize breathing to reduce the effect of the response to the stress and help to reach the level optimization of arousal also helps players to control Panevaalathm before and during athletic competition , this in terms of the psychological , while physiologically contribute to the ability to relax in lowering blood pressure and reducing the load actually on the heart and develop the player's ability to control their emotions to a positive impact on the nervous system , as the inability of the player to relax may lose part of his fitness

Effect of some special exercises to teach effective Javelin for beginners on some purpose changes Alp iokinmatikih

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 16-28

As a result of scientific and technical development has intensified competition between athletes and shows this through breaking or improve performance both by its effectiveness resulting in better achievements by engaging all human sciences and technology at the service of sport movement. < br/> Biomechanics has scientific developments through its close link with the rest of the other sciences including science albiomikanik who seek to study the movement of mechanical laws affecting all parts of the movement and analysis for the coach or the player by selecting Strengths and weaknesses which facilitates routing technique for movement towards the right model and implementation already and his mastery in addition to study the function and installation of the system according to the athlete's biological variables mechanical < br/> effectively is the Javelin of difficult events that depend on player's physical ability and physical qualities, and are affected by many variables such as mechanical (speed, power, etc.), as this feature in its fast and total transactions where the simultaneous and integrated during the phase of approaching (5 steps) and especially in the last step ( The final shooting stage) and all these stages require the coach that features the accuracy in detecting errors, and that the naked eye cannot detect errors so we resort to Imaging and motion analysis on mechanically. < br/> significance of search by using special exercises according to some variables albiomikanikih through photography and analysis to determine their relevance in the teaching effectiveness of Javelin.

Building standards for some fitness tests to some physical education teachers in Qadisiyah governorate

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 53-62

Muscle strength is a core element of physical performance as one of the dynamic factors of locomotor performance is due to progress in performance and most sources confirms the importance of sports power as an essential component of CPG faith and fitness is an essential element for the development of motor performance (1) 0 as the scholars that muscle strength an important constituent of the motor and the motor pool capacity 0 < br/> finds Taha Ismail and others "that are more common and fitness components are the ability of the muscle to make maximum power Against the resistance "(2) < br/> mentions both Jensen and Fischer (Jensen and Fisher) that the muscle strength of the most important qualities of structure which lead to access to the upper levels in all sports (3) < br/> Munir pointed out that muscle strength Zarzis essential components of fitness game-specific item faith handball 0 < br/> force feature is speed, one of the basic elements of muscle power, defined as the ability of the muscle to overcome opponents using high mobility and speed are important in handball Exceed maximum power or strength and fitness components are for the handball player, where they play a major role in handball skills are crucial in many of them, and dependable in the effective completion of the efficiency

Analysis of the relationship between some of the variables Elkinmetekih track to start in the free-swimming

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 108-120

The sport of swimming events competitiveness which received much attention from researchers and trainers in different effectiveness , they are one of the games and activities loved by everyone , whether to raise the level of fitness or to relax and enjoy , have urged the interest of scientific research and its distinguished role in improving the level of technical performance and digital of this type events by relying on modern scientific methods and the use of science in order to reach higher levels. The effectiveness of the freestyle events , which consist of a set of stages art that complement each other , in order to perform these phases in a coherent and streamlined necessary to determine the conditions Albayumkanikih to perform well , and is the start-up phase of the most important stages affecting the completion of the swimmer , especially in racing short distances and at equal level swimmers as the reduction of the period of time to travel the distance specified for the race is the ultimate goal of the swimmer and this is achieved through the appropriate speed acquired and which contributes greatly to the performance of which is the correct motor free of errors at this stage . The kinetic analysis gives us an indication of the laws and clarify the terms of the development of athletic movements , and at the same time reveals whereby new methods of art athletic performance , has addressed many of the studies beginnings different in swimming research and kinetic analysis to try to detect the foundations of mechanical kinetic correct , but what distinguishes this search for is the study of the kind of beginnings , which is the most recently used is to start ( the track ) in the free-swimming , and making progress reflected the importance of research being interested in analyzing the relationship between some of the variables Elkinmetekih to start the track in freestyle in order to get the results may contribute to the development of the sport and reach out to advanced ranks

Professional pressures born physical education teachers in the schools of the center of Diwaniyah province

Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 92-101

Play physical education in elementary schools do a t educationally important addition to its primary role in the development of
Physical ability of the child , and it depends on the physical education teacher , which is the first pillar in the process
Learning to play a leading and guiding Mandour and an educational , especially in this process it is imperative that the venerable
Contact for several specifications and Mma a focused and properties and do several important duties to perform his duty professions . J
Vlaml educational played by the physical education teacher is a primarily active in the field of mentally linked
Education and directed toward arming students with the knowledge and habits and the potential to raise their concerns and scientific characteristics
Constructive and systematic formulation of special interests with their students and raise their level and build their personality and dependent
On behavioral patterns carried by the teacher and the field experience obtained while working to strengthen the role
And assist in the implementation of the required educational requirements well and give adequate support to the success in his work . "
That's where the learning process is an ongoing series of relationships that arise between teacher and pupil , and this
Relations helps the student perception as an individual or a participant in a particular activity or effectiveness " ( Anderson ,
(1991 , p 11
Thus, the teaching profession is among the professions which is facing pressing the teacher types of pressures
And various factors associated with multiple and interrelated . Therefore demonstrated the importance of trying to figure out what pressures
Professional experienced by physical education teachers in schools in the center of Diwaniyah province through form
Professional pressures questionnaire designed by Mohammad Hassan Allawi to find out the reasons and factors that led
To occur and work to help the physical education teacher to overcome in order to activate its role and increase service
The new generation and building a good citizen and m Zulh profession correctly and properly.